an easy to understand explanation of how solar panels work

by:Tunto     2020-04-20
Solar energy has received a lot of attention these days.
Now is the time to answer this question: how do they actually work?
It is not clear how the panel converts the sun light into electricity without moving the part.
This article will help explain the process and hopefully anyone can understand it.
The most basic definition of how a solar panel works is that the sun shines on some kind of material, which stimulates the electrons, generates current and voltage, and is used to power the equipment.
Let\'s go deeper now.
Silicon: It\'s not just computer chips, it\'s getting silicon from the Earth.
Silicon is one of the richest elements on Earth.
It exists in various types of sand and rocks.
You may have heard of Silicon Valley, a hotbed of technology research and investment in California \".
Because silicon is used in computer chips, it is called silicon.
Silicon is a kind of half. conductor.
Think of copper as a conductor, like a copper wire.
Now think about rubber, an insulator like a coating on a copper line.
Silicon falls somewhere in the middle, so it\'s called semi-Siliconconductor.
Computer chips and solar panels use this feature to deal with tiny reactions that generate current.
The current is basically \"flow \".
Imagine the wire as a thin tube, and the current as the rate of \"water (
Electricity in this case)
Flow through pipes.
As long as boron and phosphorus are added, but the silicon itself is not enough to generate energy from the sun.
Silicon grows into very thin crystals-
Like chips that use pressure and heat.
It is then coated with two different materials: Boron and phosphorus.
Boron is coated on one side, phosphorus is on the other side, and there is a gap between the two layers.
Boron is a positive material when combined with silicon, but it hopes to be neutral.
The only way it gets neutral is to get an electron with a negative charge.
Now enter phosphorus.
Phosphorus and silicon are a material with negative electricity, which means it has extra electrons.
But it wants to be neutral too!
How does it do this?
By removing electrons, of course!
How will it get rid of them?
The good old Sun came in from here.
When the sun shines on the battery, the electrons are excited.
Imagine a child in his mother\'s arms when electronics approached the park.
He just couldn\'t wait to leave his mother and go on the swing.
Electrons leave phosphorus and move toward positive boron, creating electrical pressure when they enter the gap.
This pressure must be released and passed through the wires in the battery.
This creates streams or streams that we discussed before.
The battery is coated with materials to ensure that the sun is absorbed without being reflected.
To prevent damage to the weather, the silicon wafers are attached together and packaged in tempered glass and aluminum.
These are called panels and then join together to form an array.
This is the basic part of the solar panel!
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