Palestinians turn to the sun to reduce their power shortfall
From the neatly arranged solar panels on a piece of land in the West Bank to the chaotic roof of Gaza, Palestinians want to use solar energy to reduce their dependence on Israeli electricity.
There are only three in the West Bank-
Most of the electricity needed by 3 million people was imported from Israel and Jordan.
In the Gaza Strip, electricity generation is so insignificant that even when imported from Israel and Egypt, there is only one --
The third one it needs
As a result, 2 million Gaza people only need 4 hours of electricity per day on average.
The individual assumes the responsibility of installing solar panels, dragging cables on the side of the building to keep the fan rotating or to power the TV and other appliances.
The number of panels in the enclave has increased by 4-
Folded up four years later, they are now distributed on most roofs and balconies of homes, schools, hospitals, shops, banks and mosques, in a place where the sun shines 320 days a year.
At the Nusseirat refugee camp in Gaza, Sabreen Abu Shawiesh said solar panels were installed on her metal roof
\"We have almost no electricity, and now the electric fan is working all day.
\"The sun may be free, but the technology is not, and the Palestinians say Israeli border controls are hindering their ability to import solar panels.
Gaza has endured sanctions from Israel and Egypt over the years aimed at isolating Islamic Hamas, which controls the territory. since March 30, tensions over weekly border protests have intensified.
In addition to humanitarian supplies, Israel banned all imports into the enclave.
Even before that, entrepreneurs in Gaza said they were sometimes banned from importing all kinds of batteries.
Including solar energy-
Israel, on the grounds that they may be used for military purposes.
A spokesman for the Israeli government\'s coordinator of activities in the territory said that Israel did not impose any import restrictions on solar panel technology and did not consider it a \"dual purpose \".
In the West Bank, led by President Abbas,
With the support of the Palestinian Authority, the public and private sectors have launched projects to diversify their power sources in order to obtain cheaper electricity and more self-sufficiency.
\"The government urgently needs individual initiatives and investments to provide power in order to be independent of the occupation (Israel)
Step by step, \"shifa \'Abu Sa\'adi, head of natural resources at the Palestinian Ministry of Economy, told Reuters.
Palestinian Investment Fund (authority (PIF)
It plans to build three solar farms and invest solar energy in 500 schools.
The three new plants will generate 22 MW of electricity per day.
The West Bank needs 1,400 MW, but currently only 1,100 MW.
Larger solar projects will require more land, but land is scarce because of the Middle East peace agreement
In its 1990 s, Israel still controls most of the land in the West Bank.
\"If we get 5 or 10 of the electricity needed for Palestine from solar power, we will be in a good position,\" said Azem Bishara, CEO of Massad, a subsidiary of PIF.
Bishara said Massad plans to invest $0. 2 billion over the next six years, adding 200 megawatts of renewable energy.
There is only one power plant in the Gaza Strip, generating 140 MW when it was completed in 1999, but now generating only 23 MW.
The enclave imported 30 MW from Egypt and 120 MW from Israel.
This is less than third of the street\'s daily needs.
It is estimated to be up to 600 MW per day.
Last week, the EU completed the largest solar farm in Gaza, which will provide 0.
Five megawatts a day to fuel the southern Gaza Desalination Plant, also funded by the EU. U. N.
Jamie mcgodrick, deputy special coordinator for the Middle East peace process, urged Israel this week to allow the United StatesN. -
Emergency fuel needed for backup generators for important health, water and sanitation operations was purchased. “The well-
2 million people, half of them children, are in danger.
It is unacceptable that Palestinians in Gaza are again deprived of the most basic elements of a dignified life, \"McGoldrick said.
The Israeli Defense Ministry did not immediately comment.