africa looks to solar for communities off the grid
Above a bag of seeds and coal, three kerosene lamps collect dust in what Bernard, a Kenyan chicken farmer, calls a shed of home.
After giving up the diesel generator, he preferred to light his night with solar energy, listen to the radio or watch TV, he said it was too expensive to maintain the diesel generator and the fuel burned too fast.
\"Solar panels are a good cheap solution,\" he told AFP . \"
Across the continent, consumers choose their own
Power grid solar solutions for homes and small businesses, although it seems that the African government has launched large-scale new solar projects every month to expand the grid.
According to the forecast of the International Energy Agency, about 1 billion people
Sub-Saharan Africa will enter the grid by 2040, but there will still be 0. 53 billion people unable to access the grid by then
It\'s almost comparable to 0. 6 billion people who can\'t get electricity today.
Governments have stepped up their efforts: last month, on the Atlantic coast of Africa, Senegal built a large 20 MW power plant. MW)
The project, which will provide energy for 160,000 people, President maxi Sal praised the project for welcoming \"a new, clean --energy era\".
But the director, Muhamadou marktal Cisse
In an interview with AFP, the general manager of national utility company Senelec highlighted the upcoming issues.
\"We actually have more than 100 megawatts of electricity,\" he said . \".
\"But we have distribution problems.
We have been thinking about roads and railways. . .
But not the electric highway.
\"With about 55 to 65% of households receiving electricity, power grid strength in Senegal is below average
In South Sudan and Liberia, this number hovers between 1 and 2%.
But even in Senegal, neighbouring Mauritius and Rwanda, these countries are investing heavily --
With the falling cost of solar panels, the double challenges of limited power grids and the African population, the scale of solar projects remains. -
Space for innovation \"-
\"Grid and off-
The grid is now so far apart that it creates a huge space for innovation, \"said Andrew heskowitz, coordinator of President Barack Obama\'s\" electricity Africa initiative.
Electricity Africa identifies governments and businesses that need sustainable and affordable energy and provides funding and expertise in more than 15 countries, so it is particularly interested in solar energy.
African power companies are promoting this renewable energy so that people \"don\'t have to wait for the grid to arrive and they can get into a company today and install a solar panel on the roof,\" Herscowitz told AFP. Half of sub-
Electricity in sub-Saharan Africa is generated in South Africa, and North Africa has established an effective grid system to serve their population to a large extent through constant energy flows.
But for others
Grid systems and technologies required to enable them to reach sub-grids
Over the past five years, the poorest families on the continent have reached a turning point, driven by advances in cost reduction.
Lighting houses with kerosene and candles is still expensive, dangerous and polluting, but in Kenya
Solar companies have brought power to 30% of non-solar companies. Grid population.
\"A person can buy kerosene for the same amount of money, just for that little bit of light . . . . . . Use the money to buy a small solar panel that can power a safe bulb, \"Herscowitz said.
Solar panel company Azuri pointed out that in the West, the electricity bill per kilowatt hour is about 15 cents, while for African consumers, the price of kerosene is 53 times higher and the price of candles is 105 times higher on average.
Azuri and his opponent M-
Solar package available at Kopa-
Electric bulbs, radios and phone charging ports cost only 50 cents a day. Solar-
More power TVs are available and refrigerators are expected to follow.
These companies have already achieved results in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Ghana, and these countries also place the highest priority on the mobile money system, allowing users to automatically pay for these services in a cheap and easy wayto-
Access the bank account provided by the telecom company.
In these markets, the distribution of customers is often very fragmented, and even if they have the opportunity to connect to the grid, it is often more expensive to do so than solar cells. -
The investment in providing solar energy to the African power grid is considerable: By the end of 2014, the output was 1,334 MW, more than ten times that of 2009 (127 MW)
According to the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA).
As KPMG, a consulting firm, said in a recent report that solar energy is \"the broadest renewable energy source in Africa,\" and can be \"without the need for expensive large energy sources, bringing energy to almost anywhere in Africa --
Construction of grid-level infrastructure.
\"Solar energy absorption is still very low compared to coal and biomass, accounting for less than 5% of the power of the entire grid, but solar energy is cheaper and easier to install than ever before.
Besides, most people
As Herscowitz of the African electric power company pointed out, there is no other option for the grid community: \"The funds needed to address Africa\'s energy deficit are hundreds of billions of dollars.
No government has the money.